English Civil War


The English Civil War can be classified as both a war and revolution and therefore follows a similar trajectory. In terms of incentive, the English Civil War compares to the French Revolution in the way that both of the Monarchies in those situations were abusing their power and spending money unwisely. This led to negative consequences for the rest of the kingdom, taxes being the most prominent in both cases. In terms of the Civil War, however, King Charles I insulted the beliefs of his people and tried to introduce a new way of life that wasn’t widely accepted. This compares to the American Revolution, where the British Parliament instated taxes and regulated trade in America. They tried to control and govern the Colonials, but this caused bitterness and friction between the two groups, inciting a revolution.

When looking at modern-day North America, this conflict can be compared to the current tension between Liberals and Conservatives (Leftists and Rightists) or President Trump facing the Supreme Court. In the English Civil War, landowners, Anglicans, and people loyal to the Church (typically the wealthier and better-off) sided with the king while the poor and general masses sided with Parliament. This mirrors the current political climate, as Rightists typically support Trump and hold on to their traditional American values while Leftists usually support social equality.

Looking at the totality of the first English Civil War, I don’t think the battle was necessarily for the people.  It was more a struggle for power between two dominant forces in the kingdom. However, the battle resulted in the Parliament’s victory and justice served to those who wished to see King Charles’ reign end. There were three English Civil Wars in total, and the first resulted in King Charles I’s imprisonment. In the second Civil War, we see the Scots invade England on behalf of the Royalists to restore King Charles I to the throne. The overall effects of the English Civil War were both positive and negative, as the Parliamentarians were victorious, a republic was formed, and the middle class rose. On the other hand, many lives were lost and the economy suffered for a period of time following the war.